For my Module 3 eJournal entry, I would like to focus on one of the questions that have been provided to us – who are the targets of health education?
One of the crucial goals of health education is to deepen the understanding of the definition, aims, as well as the scope of this concept.
Throughout the world (I must admit that I was one of this population), there is this notion that health education is just a program that provides illustrations about health. This is also believed to be the tool to disseminate information. But more than the audiovisuals and publicity, health education is giving emphasis to people as humans with attitudes, individual beliefs, feelings and values. Their economic and social circumstances are also major factors in defining who they are.
With this already made clear, it is also vital to know who the targets or recipients are when it comes to health education. An example is when The World Health Organization came up with the “important target groups” in oral health. The youth and school children were the identified targets on their global initiative in teaching oral health.
To quote our reading material, every person, social group, all occupations and community should be taught about behaviors and practices that would lead them to a healthy life. This is also the general public, students, teachers, researchers, even policy makers and health care personnel; in essence, pretty much everyone else.
Health, after all, is a basic human right. Others may disagree with this concept as was the case with Mr. Philip Barlow in http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/Factsheet31.pdf
but I happen to agree with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights when it declared that health care is a “basic and essential asset”. (The Right to Health, 2008). With this, I believe that everyone has to be enabled to improve their health. In addition to behavior, the focus must shift towards environmental as well as social interventions.
What Health Education Means to Me
So how do all these translate into me and my role in health education? Now that I know how important health, health education and health care all are, I will take better care of myself and my family’s health.
I will also be an advocate of health education which is what I have been doing with my proposed program in Sta. Rosa City. I gave this proposed program the title Babae Laban sa Domestikong Karahasan. This is an advocacy campaign against psychological, sexual and physical threats in an intimate union.
Read this link to my blog mobilization plan for the 18 barangays in our city.
Barlow, P. (1999, July 31). Health care is not a human right. Retrieved February 13, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1126951/
Health Education, Advocacy and Community Mobilization HEAT Module. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://www.open.edu/openlearncreate/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=159§ion=20.3
Important target groups. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://www.who.int/oral_health/action/groups/en/
Martikainen, A. H. (1957, July). World Goals in Health Education of the Public. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1551181/?page=1
Target groups and their needs. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://www.thl.fi/publications/ehrm/product3/section1.htm
The Right to Health: Fact Sheet No. 31. (2008, June). Retrieved February 13, 2017, from http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/Factsheet31.pdf